python里并发执行协程时部分阻塞超时怎么办

Python游戏开发入门

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跟老菜鸟学python
http://edu.csdn.net/course/detail/2592

在前面的例子里学习了并发地执行多个协程来下载图片,也许其中一个协程永远下载不了,一直阻塞,这时怎么办呢?
碰到这种需求时不要惊慌,可以使用wait()里的timeout参数来设置等待时间,也就是从这个函数开始运行算起,如果时间到达协程没有执行完成,就可以不再等它们了,直接从wait()函数里返回,返回之后就可以判断那些没有执行成功的,可以把这些协程取消掉。例子如下:

import asyncio


async def phase(i):
    print('in phase {}'.format(i))
    try:
        await asyncio.sleep(0.1 * i)
    except asyncio.CancelledError:
        print('phase {} canceled'.format(i))
        raise
    else:
        print('done with phase {}'.format(i))
        return 'phase {} result'.format(i)


async def main(num_phases):
    print('starting main')
    phases = [
        phase(i)
        for i in range(num_phases)
    ]
    print('waiting 0.1 for phases to complete')
    completed, pending = await asyncio.wait(phases, timeout=0.1)
    print('{} completed and {} pending'.format(
        len(completed), len(pending),
    ))
    # Cancel remaining tasks so they do not generate errors
    # as we exit without finishing them.
    if pending:
        print('canceling tasks')
        for t in pending:
            t.cancel()
    print('exiting main')


event_loop = asyncio.get_event_loop()
try:
    event_loop.run_until_complete(main(3))
finally:
    event_loop.close()
结果输出如下:

starting main
waiting 0.1 for phases to complete
in phase 0
in phase 2
in phase 1
done with phase 0
1 completed and 2 pending
canceling tasks
exiting main
phase 1 canceled
phase 2 canceled



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